|Toyama Ryu Batto Do
Konjaku Kioi Dojo
(Ancient and Modern Fighting Spirit Dojo)
|5980 66th St N Suite M
St Petersburg FL 33709
Fundamentals (Kihon) 基本
Postures (Kamae) 構え
Kamae are standard guard positions / stances. It is important to keep proper attitude and focus while practicing kamae. They are constantly used in the Toyama Ryu kata and kumitachi.
Chūdan no Kamae 中段の構え
Chudan no Kamae is the middle guard posture with kissaki level with throat. Arms are held forward with a slight bend at the elbow. This is the most common kamae (posture). It is a balance of attack and defense and the most versatile of the kamae.
Seigan no Kamae 正眼の構え
Seigan Kamae is a middle guard with point of sword pointed at the opponent’s eyes. The arms are held forward with only a slight bend at the elbow. This is a variation of Chudan no Kamae.
Jōdan no Kamae 上段の構え
Jōdan no Kamae is a upper guard posture with point of sword pointed up and back. The hands are over the head with the Kashira in the edge of the peripheral vision. This is a very aggressive offensive posture designed to intimidate. It is used in Toyama kata nanahon me and kumitachi happon me.
Migi Jōdan no kamae 右上段の構え
Overhead kamae, right foot forward, sword at 45 degree angle, left hand one fist from the forehead. This is a very aggressive offensive posture designed to intimidate.
Hidari Jōdan no kamae 左上段の構え
Overhead kamae, left foot forward, sword at 45 degree angle, left hand one fist from the forehead. The left hand is positioned above the left eye, so the tip is slightly to the right, behind the head. This is a very aggressive offensive posture designed to intimidate.
Waki no Kamae is a side guard posture with the katana held low at the side with the edge forward. The body is turned at about 45 degrees and the left hand should be in-front of the navel. The length and edge orientation of the katana is hidden from the opponent.
Gedan no Kamae 下段の構え
Gedan no Kamae is a low guard posture with point of sword held at about knee level. It is a defensive position good for deflecting attacks and creating openings. The focus should be on creating a counter-attack.
Hassō no Kamae 八双の構え
Hasso no Kamae is a high guard posture with the katana pointed upwards, the edge forward, and the guard level with the ear. The body is turned at about 45 degrees and the arms should be held in a relaxed position with the elbows pointed slightly downward. This is an offensive position good for a quick attack. Used in Toyama Ryu Kumitachi Gohon Me.
Kamae Toku 構え解く
Kamae with lowered, slightly turned sword (of conquered opponent).
Similar to Gedan no Kamae. Used at the end of Toyama Ryu
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